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Expressing Preferences 7class

14 Мар

She likes / they like
She prefers /they prefer
She is interested in / they are interested in

İ prefer (like) flowers – çiçekler tercih ederim

He prefers (likes) going to mountains in winter– kışte dağları gitmek tercih eder

1. SUBJECT +PREFER/like + NOUN+TO+ NOUN

İ + PREFER/like + MUSİC+TO+BOOKS.

e.g: İ prefer /like orange to apple – portakalı elmalı tercih ederim.
She prefers /like coffee to tea
They prefer/like computer games to TV

2. SUBJECT+PREFER/LİKE+VERBing +TO + VERBing

İ + PREFER/LİKE+READİNG+TO+STUDİNG.

e.g.: She prefers /likes talking to helping.- yardımı konuşmaya tercih eder.
We prefer/like watching comedies to soap operas
İ prefer/like sleeping to doing shopping.

Be(present-is/are/am;past –was;were) interested in – ilgilenmek

e.g: İ’m interested in animals
she was interested in History.

— be + not + interested.
They are not interested in me.
She wasn’t interested in flowers.

?
(present-is/are/am;past –was;were) +subject+interested in ?

Are they interested in me?
Was she interested in me?

Comparison (karşılaştırma) 7class

14 Мар

Comparison
(karşılaştırma)

Most qualitative adjectives have three degrees of compari¬son: positive, comparative and superlative.
The comparative and superlative degrees are formed in two
ways:
by the suffixes •er, -est Positive Compara¬tive

Superlative
one syllable and two syllable ending in -y, -er, -ow, -le big (büyük)

happy clever simple narrow bigger (daha büyük)
happier cleverer simpler narrower (the) biggest (en büyük)
(the) happiest (the) cleverest (the) simplest (the) narrowest
by adding more/the most/

before the adjec¬tives of two, three or more syllables famous successful interesting more famous
more successful more interesting (the) most famous (the) most suc¬cessful (the) most inte¬resting

Eg.:

Istanbul is the most crowded city in Turkey.
Istanbul is more crowded than Ankara.
Erzrum is hotter than Mersin.
Mersin is colder than Erzrum.
Ararat is the highest mountain in Turkey.
Children are the happiest people.

Irregular Comparative and Superlative Forms

Positive Comparative Superlative
good (iyi) better (the) best
bad (kötü) worse (the) worst
little (küçük) less (the) least
many/much (çok fazla) more (the) most
old (eski/yaşlı) older/elder (the) oldest/eldest
far (uzak) father (the) farthest

Old: elder — eldest (for people only in the same family) older — oldest (for people and things)
My father is the eldest in our family.
/ am five years older than my brother.
You live father than I thought
This is the nearest post-office to our house.

Comparative Constructions with the Adjectives

The same as – aynı

The weather today is the same as yesterday.
Ali’s marks are not the same as Arzu’s marks.

Different from – farklı

A rose is different from tulip.
A walkman is not different from diskman.

As……as – kadar

NOTE: İSİM+.AS + SIFAT+ AS +İSİM
Giray is as old as Alp.
Nigeria is not as rich as the USA.

Sentence Structure .Types of Sentences ( Cümle Yapısı ve Cümle Türleri) 7 class

14 Мар

Sentence Structure .Types of Sentences
( Cümle Yapısı ve Cümle Türleri)

Sentences fall into four general groups (Cümleler 4 genel gruplar var ) – declarative (deklaratif), imperative (emir), interrogative (soru) and exclamatory (ünlem).

DECLARATIVE
A declarative sentence states facts or opinions; it ends with a period.

e.g.: The class discussed a very important problem yesterday

SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ADVERBIALS
How? Where? When?
I learned the poem in class yesterday.
We ate our meal in silence.
NOTE: We can also put the time reference at the beginning: Yesterday the class discussed a very important prob¬lem.

IMPERATIVE
An imperative sentence requests or demands action; it ends with a period. Some imperative sentences sound like questions. These sentences do not require a response in words; they sug¬gest or require an action by someone.

e.g.:
Will you please call Dale Jennings.
Open / don’t open the window.

EXCLAMATORY
An exclamatory sentence shows emotion; it ends with an exclamation point.

How well she dances!

INTERROGATIVE
An interrogative sentence asks a question; it ends with a question mark.
Are you leaving Minsk for Moscow tomorrow?
There are following types of questions:
1. «Yes/no»-questions, i.e. questions which can be answered ‘yes’ or ‘no’ (general questions).
The typical word order is auxiliary verb + subject group + main verb + object + adverbial modifier
Is she typing?
Has he been working?

2. «Wh»-questions (special questions).
The scheme of all types of special questions except questions about the subject of the sentence is interrogative word + auxil¬iary verb + subject group + main verb + object + adverbial modifier
When did she get the letter?
Mind the word order in questions about the subject of the sentence: interrogative word + predicate + object + adverbial modifier
Who plays the piano well?

3. Question tags (disjunctive questions).
Tags generally repeat auxiliaries, or do / did. A positive state¬ment has a negative tag, a negative statement has a positive tag.
He is not friendly, is he?
You will help me, won’t you ?
NOTE; a) It is possible for a positive tag to follow a positive statement, to express interest, or ask for confirmation.
So, you like working here, do you?
b) Tags with will and won’t can be used after imperatives. Don’t drive so fast, will you?
c) Let’s … has a tag formed with shall. Let’s have a drink, shall we ?
d) Everyone / Someone / Anyone / No one —^- they? Someone is knocking at the door, aren ‘t they ?

4. «Or»-questions (alternative questions).
Are you a lecturer or a student!

5. Indirect questions.
Mind the direct word order in indirect questions. / wonder if you can help me. He inquired whether he could see her.

İNQUIRE PREFERENCES (sormak terchihler) 7class

14 Мар

Do you (we,they,İ) prefer working in a factory ? — Sen fabrikada çalışmayı tercih eder mısın?
Does he (she, it ) prefer working in a factory? – O fabrikada çalışmayı tercih eder mı?

Do you prefer flowers or diamonds? Sen elmaslar ama çiçekler tercih eder mısın?
What does he prefer? – ne tercih eder mı?
What is your favourite football team? Senin en sevdiğiniz futbolu tekimi hangi?
What kind of games do you play? – hangi oyunlar oynar mısın?
Does he like reading boks? Kitaplar okumak sever mı?

EXERCİSE:

1. watching/ of/ kind/ you/prefer/what/films/do ?
2. or/cinema/at/you/home/prefer/do/a/film/the/at/watching?
3. what/characters/of/do/you/watching/prefer/kind?
4. theatre/do/prefer/going/you/cinema/the/to/or?
5. what/prefer/they/do?
6. what /does/prefer/she?
7. playing/or/studing/you/do/prefer?
8. he/does/walking/prefer/or/driving?
9. they/do/watering/flowers/like?
10. is/what/favourite/his/song?
11. pizza/or/does/spaghetti/he/prefer?
12. do/prefer/they/TV/watching?
13. she/prefer/does/Maths/or/English?
14. you/horror film/do/western film/prefer?
15. does/he/prefer/what?

PREFER – TERCİH ETMEK 7 class

14 Мар

İ prefer flowers – çiçekler tercih ederim

He prefers going to mountains in winter– kışte dağları gitmek tercih eder

1. SUBJECT +PREFER + NOUN+TO+ NOUN

İ + PREFER + MUSİC+TO+BOOKS.

e.g: İ prefer orange to apple – portakalı elmalı tercih ederim.
She prefers coffee to tea
They prefer computer games to TV

2. SUBJECT+PREFER+VERBing +TO + VERBing

İ + PREFER+READİNG+TO+STUDİNG.

e.g.: She prefers talking to helping.- yardımı konuşmaya tercih eder.
We prefer watching comedies to soap operas
İ prefer sleeping to doing shopping.

Do you prefer plastic flowers to alive one?
Does he prefer writing to reading?
What do you prefer doing?
What does she prefer doing?
What kind of books

EXPRESS OPİNİON (düşünce ifade etmek ) 7 class

14 Мар

İ think it is……..- ben düşünürüm;

İ like ……..- ben …..severım;

İ prefer……- ben ….tercih ederım;

You are absolutely …..- kesinlikle;

Right — doğru;

Wrong – yanlış;

İ’m afraid….. – korkarım….;

İ’m interested in ……- ilgileniyorum…..;

İ dont know…

İ dont care – ilgilenmiyorum.

İ agree …..- tetabuk etmek…

İ feel …..- dokunurum….;

I hope …- umarım….;

İn my opinion….- ben düşünürüm….

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