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Unit 4d (pre.inter)

9 Сен

UNİT 4 (D)

Superlatives (+ever+ present perfect)

Opposite Adjectives

1.What are the opposites of these adjectives? Find the opposites and work in pairs.

 

e.g.: What ‘s the opposite of the word ‘ friendly’? The opposite of the word ‘ friendly’ is unfriendly.

—         friendly;                             — untidy;

—         funny;                                — impossible;

—         generous;                           — impolite;

—         lazy;                                   —  impatient;

—         shy;                                    — unhealthy;

—         talkative;                            — unhappy;

—         boring;                               — uncomfortable;

—         crowded;                           — safe;

—         dangerous;                         — rude;

—         far;                                     — quite;

—         modern;                             — old;

—         noisy;                                 — near;

—         polite;                                — exciting/interesting;

—         polluted;                            — empty;

—         happy;                               — clean;

—         comfortable;                      — unfriendly;

—         healthy;                              — serious;

—         patient;                               — quite ;

—         polite;                                — mean;

—         possible;                             — hard-working;

—         tidy                                     — extrovert;

2. Match the verbs with the adjectives . Ask and answer the questions using Present Perfect + ever. Work in pairs.  Try to use

 

e.g.: What is the most beautiful place you have ever been? Why ?

İzmir is the most beautiful place İ ‘ve ever been . Because,as for me  the sea is clean and warm there. Also this place is full of historical places and İ  enjoyed İzmir very much.

 

 

 

 

Which                              polluted                          meet

What                                impatient               +       visit

Who                                 comfortable                   enjoy                ?

Bad                                catch

İnteresting                     have

Expensive                      be

Beautiful                       make

Ugly                             answer

Much                            talk

Expensive                     grow

Dangerous                    eat

Noisy                            go

Hot                              buy

Old                              copy

Good                           work

Little                           suppose

Delicious                    win

Great                           borrow

Weak                           fail

Terrible                        receive

Marvellous                   sell

Embarassing                send

Boring                         earn

Frightening                  know

Depressing                  hope

Look after

watch

stay up

find out

try on

pay back

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Comparatives exercises

24 Авг

Practice

1. Fill in the missing adjectives in the proper degree. Analyze the adjectives used in the song.

long, green, big, handsome, large, beautiful, strong

A Bigger Heart

His arms are stronger than mine

His legs are … than mine

His car’s always cleaner

And his grass is always ….

But my heart is … than his

And my love for you is stronger than his.

He’s more …, much more elegant

More charming and more polite than me

He’s more responsible, much more dependable

He is everything I long to be. His office is … than mine His martinis are drier than mine His roses are much … And his faults are far fewer.

But my heart is … than his

And my love for you is … than his.

heavy                 strong              expensive         friendly

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Comparatives (translate from turkish into english)

24 Авг

Comparatives for translation

 

Turkey is bigger than Greece. — Türkiye Yunanistan’ dan büyüktür.

Lampard is better than Gerrard. — Lampard Gerrard’ dan daha iyidir.

A hill is smaller than a mountain. — Tepe dağdan küçüktür.

Sedat is more intelligent than me. — Sedat benden daha zekidir.

Your house is larger than my house. — Senin evin benim evimden daha geniştir.

Taner is the taller of the two brothers. — Taner iki kardeşin uzun olanıdır.

My wife drives more carefully than I do. — Hanımım benden daha dikkatli araba sürüyor.

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Comparatives (explanation)

24 Авг

Degrees of Comparison

The comparative and superlative degrees are formed in two

ways:

 

 

 

by the suffixes •er, -est Positive Compara­tive Superlative
one syllable and two syllable ending in -y, -er, -ow, -le and with the stress on the last syllable big happy clever simple narrow bigger happier cleverer simpler narrower (the) biggest (the) happiest (the) cleverest (the) simplest (the) narrowest
by adding more/the most/ famous successful interesting more famous

more successful more interesting

(the) most famous (the) most suc­cessful (the) most inte­resting
before the adjec­tives   of two, three or more syllables

NOTES:

1.    The superlative form is usually preceded by the and often followed by the prepositions in or of.

London is one of the most beautiful cities in England. I am the youngest of the three children in our family.

2.    The superlative form can be used without a noun following it.

This house is the most attractive in our street.

3.    a + the superlative degree of an adjective means весьма, крайне.

This is a most boring novel. — Это весьма скучный роман.

5.    You can use -er or more … with some two-syllable adjec­tives, especially: quiet, clever, narrow, shallow, simple, common, stupid.

6.    We use the Present Perfect after the superlative degree.

This is the most reliable car that we have ever had. 1.   Gradual increase or decrease is expressed by two compara­tives joined by and:

The weather is getting colder and colder.

g.   Less and least are opposites of more and most. We use less and least with both long and short words.

A bus is less expensive than a taxi. (= A bus is cheaper than a taxi. /A bus isn ‘t as expensive as a taxi.) I feel better today, less tired.

9.    When than is followed by he/she/it + verb, we normally keep the verb, but when the second clause consists of than + I/we/you + verb, it is usually possible to omit the verb.

You are stronger than he is.

You have more free time than I/we (have).

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There is/are (exercises; explanation)

24 Авг

There + be

Positive Question Negative
There is / there s There are Is there . . . ? Ate there … ? There is not / isn’t Theie are not / aren’t

 

— Are there many things in that room? — No, there aren’t.
— Which room’s that? — It’s the bedroom.
— Is me sister’s flat comfortable?
— How many rooms are there in her flat?

Use: You use there as the impersonal subject to show that

1.    something or somebody is / are, was / were or will be in a place.

There is a paper on the desk.

2.    something or somebody exists in a general sense.

There will be a students’ party tomorrow. In Russian the sentences like this normally start with an adver­bial modifier of place or time.

NOTE: a) There is / are, etc. stands before the subject, which usually contains a determiner, like a /an, some /any, much / many, a lot of / lots of etc. or no +one, body, thing, where.

There will be nowhere for us to go.

b) When the noun group after the verb is plural, you use a plural verb. When the noun group is singular or uncountable, you use a singular verb.

There were two people in the room. There is a cushion on the sofa.

c) In sentences with the introductory there the predicate is usually the verb to be, occasionally some other verbs are found, such as modal verbs, to seem, to appear, followed by be or have been and also to live, to come, to occur etc.

There could be a problem.

There seems to be a lot of people on campus.

Once upon a time, in a small country town there lived a

little man.

d) We use there in tag — questions.

There is some milk in the carton, isn’t there?

Practice

1.  Rephrase the sentences using there:

a) Model: A good clothes shop is not far from here. — There is a good clothes shop not far from here.

1. Two men are at the door. 2. A photograph of that girl was in last week’s magazine. 3. A new security system will be in operation from next week. 4. A lot of supporters will be at the match. 5. A public holiday is on July 4th. 6. A meeting between the two world leaders will be in Helsinki.

b) Model: I can see a man at the corner.

There is a man at the corner.

1.1 can’t see anybody here. 2.1 found only two mistakes in his dictation. 3. He noticed two more cars behind the house. 4. He doesn’t have any pictures on the walls in his room. 5. I can see a cat lying on the floor. 6. I haven’t got any money in my purse.

2.   Use it is or there is / are in the following sentences.

1. … very wet today, … impossible to go out. 2. … a thick fog last week. … usually a lot of accidents in such bad weather. 3. … foolish to drive fast when … foggy or rainy. 4. … interesting to go sightseeing in any unknown city. 5. … a lot of places of interest in ancient towns of this country. 6. … time to go home, … a lot of work to do there. 7. … all sorts of stories about Robin Hood. 8. … a pity you can’t go with us. 9. … only one cigarette in the box. 10. … important to know the details.

3.   You are on a business trip in England. Find out about a partner’s place of work.

Ask questions about the building . Use the words below and begin:

Is the building …?         Is there a(n) …?       Are there any …?

1.    modern                               6. large car park

2.    restaurant                            7. bus stop nearby

4.    air conditioning system        9. coffee machine

5.    separate rooms for smokers

EX. Make questions :

  1. There’s a blackboard in our class-room. 2. There are some English books on the table. 3. There were very many mistakes in your dictation. 4. There’s a new grammar rule in Lesson Four. 5. There was a telegram on the table. 6. There was too little ink in my pen to write to letters.

Describe the Picture:

 

ресурс для изучения турецкого , английского и других языков

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http://www.internetpolyglot.com/

ссылка англ. ресурс (LEARNİNG ENGLİSH WİTH MR. DUNCAN)

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http://www.youtube.com/user/duncaninchina

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